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Hexophthalma Spider Facts, Identifications & Pictures Hexophthalma Spider Facts, Identifications & Pictures

Hexophthalma

The Hexophthalma is a group of spiders with about eight different kinds. They’re part of the Sicariidae family, and there are three big groups in this family. One famous spider from this group is called the six-eyed sand spider or Hexophthalma hahni.

Scientific Classification

Hexophthalma Spider

List of Species Belonging To This Genus

  • Hexophthalma albospinosa
  • Hexophthalma binfordae
  • Hexophthalma damarensis
  • Hexophthalma dolichocephala
  • Hexophthalma goanikontesensis
  • Six-eyed Sand (Hexophthalma hahni)
  • Hexophthalma leroyi
  • Hexophthalma spatulata

Physical Description & Identification

Adults

  • Size: They are mostly small in size, with the length being about 0.6 inches (15 mm) on average.
  • Color:  The spiders of the genus like the six-eye sand spider are mostly reddish-brown or yellow.
  • Other Characteristic Features: One of the most distinctive features of Hexophthalma spiders is their remarkable ability to blend into their sandy environments.

Eggs

The eggs are small and laid in bundles or sacs.

Spiderlings

There are insufficient details about the identification patterns and behavior of the spiderlings.

The Web

The spiders of this genus hunt their prey, and not much information about building their web is available.

Are Hexophthalma Spiders Venomous?

Yes, Hexophthalma spiders have venom. They use it to catch their meals. It’s pretty strong, but they’re usually shy and keep to themselves.

Can Hexophthalma Spiders Bite?

They can bite if they’re bothered. If they do, it might feel a little pinchy, but they mostly like to stay hidden and avoid trouble. However, if bitten, its venom may have necrotic effects, causing grave or life-threatening wounds on humans mainly if the infection spreads.

Hexophthalma

Ecological Importance and Behavior of Hexophthalma Spider

Hexophthalma spiders play a vital role in maintaining the ecological balance within their desert habitats. They primarily feed on scorpions and various desert insects, helping to regulate the populations of these species. Their solitary and elusive nature makes them an integral yet often overlooked component of their ecosystem.

Natural Predator: In their natural habitat, Hexophthalma spiders face threats from larger predators, including birds, reptiles, and mammals. These predators play a critical role in keeping the spider populations in check, ensuring a balanced and healthy ecosystem.

Prey-Predator Dynamics: The relationship between Hexophthalma spiders and their prey is a fascinating display of nature’s balance. The spiders’ venomous bite allows them to immobilize and consume their prey, primarily consisting of scorpions and desert insects. This dynamic not only sustains the spiders but also contributes to the control of scorpion and insect populations, highlighting the spider’s role in ecological stability.

Relationship with Humans: While Hexophthalma spiders are venomous, their elusive nature means that interactions with humans are rare. They prefer to remain hidden, avoiding potential threats. In the unusual case of a bite, it is crucial for the individual to seek medical attention promptly to prevent the spread of the venom’s necrotic effects. 

Quick Facts

Lifespan A long lifespan, with individuals of the family this genus belongs to is known to live for 15 years
Distribution Different parts of South Africa
HabitatMostly desert areas
DietScorpions and several desert insects

Did You Know

  • Friedrich Karsch created this genus in 1878, naming it Hexomma initially with Hexomma hahni being the sole species. However, the name was changed to Hexophthalma in 1879 since the previous name was used for harvestman species.

In summary, the Hexophthalma genus, with its intriguing characteristics and behaviors, plays a crucial role in the ecological balance of desert regions.

The Hexophthalma is a group of spiders with about eight different kinds. They’re part of the Sicariidae family, and there are three big groups in this family. One famous spider from this group is called the six-eyed sand spider or Hexophthalma hahni.

Hexophthalma Spider

List of Species Belonging To This Genus

  • Hexophthalma albospinosa
  • Hexophthalma binfordae
  • Hexophthalma damarensis
  • Hexophthalma dolichocephala
  • Hexophthalma goanikontesensis
  • Six-eyed Sand (Hexophthalma hahni)
  • Hexophthalma leroyi
  • Hexophthalma spatulata

Physical Description & Identification

Adults

  • Size: They are mostly small in size, with the length being about 0.6 inches (15 mm) on average.
  • Color:  The spiders of the genus like the six-eye sand spider are mostly reddish-brown or yellow.
  • Other Characteristic Features: One of the most distinctive features of Hexophthalma spiders is their remarkable ability to blend into their sandy environments.

Eggs

The eggs are small and laid in bundles or sacs.

Spiderlings

There are insufficient details about the identification patterns and behavior of the spiderlings.

The Web

The spiders of this genus hunt their prey, and not much information about building their web is available.

Are Hexophthalma Spiders Venomous?

Yes, Hexophthalma spiders have venom. They use it to catch their meals. It’s pretty strong, but they’re usually shy and keep to themselves.

Can Hexophthalma Spiders Bite?

They can bite if they’re bothered. If they do, it might feel a little pinchy, but they mostly like to stay hidden and avoid trouble. However, if bitten, its venom may have necrotic effects, causing grave or life-threatening wounds on humans mainly if the infection spreads.

Hexophthalma

Ecological Importance and Behavior of Hexophthalma Spider

Hexophthalma spiders play a vital role in maintaining the ecological balance within their desert habitats. They primarily feed on scorpions and various desert insects, helping to regulate the populations of these species. Their solitary and elusive nature makes them an integral yet often overlooked component of their ecosystem.

Natural Predator: In their natural habitat, Hexophthalma spiders face threats from larger predators, including birds, reptiles, and mammals. These predators play a critical role in keeping the spider populations in check, ensuring a balanced and healthy ecosystem.

Prey-Predator Dynamics: The relationship between Hexophthalma spiders and their prey is a fascinating display of nature’s balance. The spiders’ venomous bite allows them to immobilize and consume their prey, primarily consisting of scorpions and desert insects. This dynamic not only sustains the spiders but also contributes to the control of scorpion and insect populations, highlighting the spider’s role in ecological stability.

Relationship with Humans: While Hexophthalma spiders are venomous, their elusive nature means that interactions with humans are rare. They prefer to remain hidden, avoiding potential threats. In the unusual case of a bite, it is crucial for the individual to seek medical attention promptly to prevent the spread of the venom’s necrotic effects. 

Quick Facts

Lifespan A long lifespan, with individuals of the family this genus belongs to is known to live for 15 years
Distribution Different parts of South Africa
HabitatMostly desert areas
DietScorpions and several desert insects

Did You Know

  • Friedrich Karsch created this genus in 1878, naming it Hexomma initially with Hexomma hahni being the sole species. However, the name was changed to Hexophthalma in 1879 since the previous name was used for harvestman species.

In summary, the Hexophthalma genus, with its intriguing characteristics and behaviors, plays a crucial role in the ecological balance of desert regions.