Home / Sicariidae Spiders / Mediterranean Recluse (Loxosceles rufescens)

Mediterranean Recluse (Loxosceles rufescens)

The Mediterranean recluse, although not restricted to Mediterranean areas is a species belongs to a six-eyed spiders family. Although its name suggest a particular geographical region, but nowadays it is found across the globe.

Scientific Classification

Mediterranean Recluse

Physical Description and Identification

Adults

Size: Males and females are approximately 0.23 – 0.39 in (6-10 mm).

Color: Brown body, but the darkness of the color varies

Other Characteristic Features: Like other recluse spiders, these spiders also have an upside down violin mark on their cephalothorax.

Eggs

Like its cousins, the Mediterranean recluse spider can have 1-5 egg sacs and each of them usually include 30-300 eggs.

Spiderlings

The eggs hatch within a month and spiderlings emerge. They take around one full year to grow up.

The Web

They do build webs to catch preys but not much has been documented.

Mediterranean Recluse Spider Web

Are Mediterranean Recluse Spiders Poisonous

They are venomous and their bites are painful resulting in loxoscelism, a skin condition in which the skin gets greenish.

Quick Facts

Distribution Throughout the world
Habitat Crevices, garages, and backyards
Diet Small insects
Lifespan 1-2 years
IUCN Conservation Status Not Listed
Mediterranean Recluse Spider

Did You Know

  • There has been one case reported where one woman was down with myasthenia gravis or a critical muscle ailments caused by the bite of this spider species.

Image Credits: Chiangraitimes.com, Static.inaturalist.org, C1.staticflickr.com

The Mediterranean recluse, although not restricted to Mediterranean areas is a species belongs to a six-eyed spiders family. Although its name suggest a particular geographical region, but nowadays it is found across the globe.

Mediterranean Recluse

Physical Description and Identification

Adults

Size: Males and females are approximately 0.23 – 0.39 in (6-10 mm).

Color: Brown body, but the darkness of the color varies

Other Characteristic Features: Like other recluse spiders, these spiders also have an upside down violin mark on their cephalothorax.

Eggs

Like its cousins, the Mediterranean recluse spider can have 1-5 egg sacs and each of them usually include 30-300 eggs.

Spiderlings

The eggs hatch within a month and spiderlings emerge. They take around one full year to grow up.

The Web

They do build webs to catch preys but not much has been documented.

Mediterranean Recluse Spider Web

Are Mediterranean Recluse Spiders Poisonous

They are venomous and their bites are painful resulting in loxoscelism, a skin condition in which the skin gets greenish.

Quick Facts

Distribution Throughout the world
Habitat Crevices, garages, and backyards
Diet Small insects
Lifespan 1-2 years
IUCN Conservation Status Not Listed
Mediterranean Recluse Spider

Did You Know

  • There has been one case reported where one woman was down with myasthenia gravis or a critical muscle ailments caused by the bite of this spider species.

Image Credits: Chiangraitimes.com, Static.inaturalist.org, C1.staticflickr.com

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