Sphodros

The Sphodros genus belongs to the purseweb spider family. It has seven species distributed throughout Canada, Mexico, and the United States as per the data of April 2018.

Sphodros Spider

Spiders Belonging To This Genus

Sphodros abbotiSphodros atlanticusSphodros coylei
Sphodros fitchiSphodros nigerSphodros paisano
Red-legged Purseweb (Sphodros rufipes)

Physical Description & Identification

Adults

Size: The females are approximately 2.5 cm (0.9 inches), while the males are smaller in size.

Scientific Classification

Color: Most spiders of this genus have a black body, with the patterns differing from one species to the other.For instance, theSphodros abboti has a purple back and blue abdomen (males), while the Sphodros rufipes males and females have black, and red legs, respectively.

Other Characteristic Features: The Sphodros abbot has two eyes, whereas the Sphodros rufipes possess downward- pointing fangs.

Eggs

Each sac has about 70 to 80 eggs on average.

Spiderlings

The juveniles resemble tiny adults and disperse from their mother upon maturation.

The Web

Belonging to the family of purse-web spiders, species of this genus make a tube-shaped silken web where they mainly dwell and also wait to capture prey.

Are Spiders of The Sphodros Genus Poisonous and Do They Bite

Species of this genus are venomous but are not known to cause harm to humans.

Quick Facts

Lifespan Male: Unknown Female: Approximately seven years
Distribution Mexico, the United States, and Canada
Habitat Grassy vegetations, woodlands
Diet Insects as well as small spiders

Did You Know

  • Charles Athanase Walckenaer described them first in the year 1835.
  • Until 1980 it was considered synonymous to Atypus.

Image Credits: hiveminer.com

The Sphodros genus belongs to the purseweb spider family. It has seven species distributed throughout Canada, Mexico, and the United States as per the data of April 2018.

Sphodros Spider

Spiders Belonging To This Genus

Sphodros abbotiSphodros atlanticusSphodros coylei
Sphodros fitchiSphodros nigerSphodros paisano
Red-legged Purseweb (Sphodros rufipes)

Physical Description & Identification

Adults

Size: The females are approximately 2.5 cm (0.9 inches), while the males are smaller in size.

Color: Most spiders of this genus have a black body, with the patterns differing from one species to the other.For instance, theSphodros abboti has a purple back and blue abdomen (males), while the Sphodros rufipes males and females have black, and red legs, respectively.

Other Characteristic Features: The Sphodros abbot has two eyes, whereas the Sphodros rufipes possess downward- pointing fangs.

Eggs

Each sac has about 70 to 80 eggs on average.

Spiderlings

The juveniles resemble tiny adults and disperse from their mother upon maturation.

The Web

Belonging to the family of purse-web spiders, species of this genus make a tube-shaped silken web where they mainly dwell and also wait to capture prey.

Are Spiders of The Sphodros Genus Poisonous and Do They Bite

Species of this genus are venomous but are not known to cause harm to humans.

Quick Facts

Lifespan Male: Unknown Female: Approximately seven years
Distribution Mexico, the United States, and Canada
Habitat Grassy vegetations, woodlands
Diet Insects as well as small spiders

Did You Know

  • Charles Athanase Walckenaer described them first in the year 1835.
  • Until 1980 it was considered synonymous to Atypus.

Image Credits: hiveminer.com

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