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Green Huntsman Spider (Micrommata virescens): Facts, Identification and Pictures Green Huntsman Spider (Micrommata virescens): Facts, Identification and Pictures
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Green Huntsman (Micrommata virescens)

The green huntsman spider is a special spider from the Sparassidae family. It’s found mostly in Northern and Central Europe. They are called “green huntsman” because of their bright green color. In this post, we will share some interesting facts about this unique spider.

Scientific Classification

Green Huntsman Spider

Physical Description & Identification

Adults

  • Size: The females are 12 to 16 mm in length, whereas the males are about 7 to 10 mm.
  • Color: Females have a bright green body, while males are olive green in color.  The former’s abdomen has a light green hue with dark green median stripes, the latter on the other hand possess red or reddish-brown median stripes on their abdomen with borders of yellow.
  • Other characteristics: The green huntsman spider has eight eyes arranged in rows of two encircled by white hairs. The abdomen of the male spiders is narrower in comparison to their female counterparts.
Green Huntsman Spider Size

Spiderlings

The cephalothoraxes of the juvenile spider are yellowish-brown with dark median and marginal stripes.

Eggs

The eggs are enclosed in a green clutch lying amidst leaves which are stitched together. Within a span of four weeks, they finally hatch.

The Web

Similar to all huntsman spiders, these species do not weave webs but hunt for their prey amidst the green vegetation and their camouflage is their biggest weapon in this regard.

Are Green Huntsman Spiders Venomous?

Yes, Green Huntsman Spiders have venom. They use it to catch their meals. But for humans, the venom is typically mild.

Can Green Huntsman Spiders Bite?

They can bite if they’re bothered or scared. The bite might feel like a pinch and can cause swelling and redness.

Ecological Importance and Behavior of Green Huntsman Spider

The green huntsman spider plays a significant role in controlling insect populations in its habitat. Their dietary preference for small insects and other invertebrates helps maintain a balanced ecosystem. The vibrant green coloration serves a dual purpose: It offers an impeccable camouflage amidst the greenery, helping them blend seamlessly while hunting prey and evading predators.

Natural Predators: Life isn’t easy for the green huntsman spider. Predators such as geckoes, birds, wasps, flies, and nematode worms are ever-vigilant, turning the tables on our stealthy hunter. The spider’s vibrant coloration, while aiding in hunting, is also its shield against these predators, allowing it to blend with its surroundings.

Prey-Predator Dynamics: Being agile hunters, green huntsman spiders play a pivotal role in controlling the population of small insects and invertebrates, their primary diet. However, they must constantly evade their predators, resulting in a delicate balance within the food chain, ensuring that no one species dominates.

Relationship with Humans: While the green huntsman spider is venomous, it generally poses no significant threat to humans. Their venom is primarily used to immobilize their prey, making hunting more efficient. Though they can bite when threatened or provoked, their bite, for most, equates to a mild pinch, which might result in some swelling or redness.

Quick Facts

DistributionNorthern and Central regions of Europe including southern Britain and Denmark
HabitatForest edges, forest edges, dry woodlands
DietSmall insects as well as other invertebrates
PredatorsGeckoes, birds, wasps, flies, nematode worms
Lifespan About 2 years

Green Huntsman Spider Female

Did You Know

  • Bilin micromtablin pigmentation is responsible for their green coloration.

In conclusion, the green huntsman spider stands as a testament to nature’s ingenuity. Its unique hunting techniques, crucial ecological role, and relatively mild disposition toward humans make it a fascinating subject for nature enthusiasts.

The green huntsman spider is a special spider from the Sparassidae family. It’s found mostly in Northern and Central Europe. They are called “green huntsman” because of their bright green color. In this post, we will share some interesting facts about this unique spider.

Green Huntsman Spider

Physical Description & Identification

Adults

  • Size: The females are 12 to 16 mm in length, whereas the males are about 7 to 10 mm.
  • Color: Females have a bright green body, while males are olive green in color.  The former’s abdomen has a light green hue with dark green median stripes, the latter on the other hand possess red or reddish-brown median stripes on their abdomen with borders of yellow.
  • Other characteristics: The green huntsman spider has eight eyes arranged in rows of two encircled by white hairs. The abdomen of the male spiders is narrower in comparison to their female counterparts.
Green Huntsman Spider Size

Spiderlings

The cephalothoraxes of the juvenile spider are yellowish-brown with dark median and marginal stripes.

Eggs

The eggs are enclosed in a green clutch lying amidst leaves which are stitched together. Within a span of four weeks, they finally hatch.

The Web

Similar to all huntsman spiders, these species do not weave webs but hunt for their prey amidst the green vegetation and their camouflage is their biggest weapon in this regard.

Are Green Huntsman Spiders Venomous?

Yes, Green Huntsman Spiders have venom. They use it to catch their meals. But for humans, the venom is typically mild.

Can Green Huntsman Spiders Bite?

They can bite if they’re bothered or scared. The bite might feel like a pinch and can cause swelling and redness.

Ecological Importance and Behavior of Green Huntsman Spider

The green huntsman spider plays a significant role in controlling insect populations in its habitat. Their dietary preference for small insects and other invertebrates helps maintain a balanced ecosystem. The vibrant green coloration serves a dual purpose: It offers an impeccable camouflage amidst the greenery, helping them blend seamlessly while hunting prey and evading predators.

Natural Predators: Life isn’t easy for the green huntsman spider. Predators such as geckoes, birds, wasps, flies, and nematode worms are ever-vigilant, turning the tables on our stealthy hunter. The spider’s vibrant coloration, while aiding in hunting, is also its shield against these predators, allowing it to blend with its surroundings.

Prey-Predator Dynamics: Being agile hunters, green huntsman spiders play a pivotal role in controlling the population of small insects and invertebrates, their primary diet. However, they must constantly evade their predators, resulting in a delicate balance within the food chain, ensuring that no one species dominates.

Relationship with Humans: While the green huntsman spider is venomous, it generally poses no significant threat to humans. Their venom is primarily used to immobilize their prey, making hunting more efficient. Though they can bite when threatened or provoked, their bite, for most, equates to a mild pinch, which might result in some swelling or redness.

Quick Facts

DistributionNorthern and Central regions of Europe including southern Britain and Denmark
HabitatForest edges, forest edges, dry woodlands
DietSmall insects as well as other invertebrates
PredatorsGeckoes, birds, wasps, flies, nematode worms
Lifespan About 2 years

Green Huntsman Spider Female

Did You Know

  • Bilin micromtablin pigmentation is responsible for their green coloration.

In conclusion, the green huntsman spider stands as a testament to nature’s ingenuity. Its unique hunting techniques, crucial ecological role, and relatively mild disposition toward humans make it a fascinating subject for nature enthusiasts.