The largest spider family, jumping spider or Salticidae, is known for its member’s incredible vision. They have 8 eyes, with the front pair being prominently large. They can also jump to a great extent. Around 6,000 species belong to the family, distributed under about 600 genera.
Size: The usual range of their size is 0.04-0.98 in (0.10-2.4 cm).
Color: They are generally black and brown with some light markings. Male spiders are incredibly colorful, showcasing iridescent hairs all over the body.
Other Characteristic Features: Their front legs are longer than the rear legs, but they use the rear ones to jump. The front legs are used for grasping their preys. The spiders also have a different type of cephalothorax than their cousins.
Jumping spiders lay 100-150 eggs in a lens-shaped egg sac. The sac is hanged from the wall of the silken retreats.
Young spiderlings go through molting phases a couple of times.
Most jumping spiders do not make webs, but a few species do, but even they don’t rely on webs for hunting.
Jumping spiders do not bite humans, instead they prefer running away while in danger. Even if they bite, it is not detrimental.
|Across the world
|Mountainous regions, grasslands, and forests
|Insects and nectar
|Around 1 year but they can survive more in colder regions