One of the most common families of all, the orb-weaver spider or Araneidae exhibits 4,202 types of species under its 175 genera. Their excellent way of spinning webs is the reason they have earned the name.
|Dolophones||Golden Silk Orb-weaver|
|Wrap-around Spider||Spiny Orb-weaver||Jorō Spider|
|Leaf Spider||Gasteracantha cancriformis||Furrow Spider|
|Sorting Hat Spider||Wasp Spider||Hawaiian Garden Spider|
|Darwin’s Bark Spider||Silver Garden Spider||Giant Wood Spider|
|Nephila Clavipes||Banden Garden Spider||Shamrock Orb Weaver|
|Cross Orb-weaver||Australian Garden Orb Weaver||Arrowhead Spider|
|Barn Spider||St. Andrews Cross Spider||Marbled Orb-weaver|
|Spotted Orb-weaver||Yellow Garden Spider||Cat Faced Spider|
Size: Female orb-weavers are 0.78-1.1 in (2-3 cm) and males are smaller.
Color: White, black, green, yellow are common shades, and some species have legs with stripes or bands.
Other Characteristic Features: Species like Gasteracantha cancriformis exhibits spikes on their body.
Female orb-weavers produce around 2,500 eggs in a sac, made of silk.
Spiderlings go through molting before their hatching. They chew off the sac and make the way clear for easy hatching. Spiderlings from one clutch often build small webs and live together for a short period to protect themselves from predators. Then, after reaching adulthood, they spin a soft strand of silk and let the wind blow the silk away, including them. This is known as the process of ballooning.
The name of the family has come from the specific theme of the web that these spiders make. Although some members of the family do not make a web at all. Most spiders do, and it is orb or circular shaped. Most species eat their webs every day and build a new one.
Orb-weaver spiders are not a threat to humans, and they do not bite unless provoked or threatened. The bite is, however, is not risky at all.
|Distribution||Across the globe|
|Habitat||Backyards and gardens|
|Lifespan||Around 1 year|