Home / Orb Weavers / Phonognatha

Phonognatha

Phonognatha is a genus comprising of spiders of the South Pacific orb-weaver family having approximately four species as per the 2019 April records. Spiders of this genus was initially a part of the Tetragnathidae or long-jawed orb weaver family before being shifted to its present position.

Phonognatha-Spider

Spiders Belonging to This Genus

Leaf (Phonognatha graeffei) Phonognatha melania Phonognatha neocaledonica
Phonognatha tanyodon

Physical Description & Identification

Adults

Size: They are 6mm to 12 mm (0.23 inches to 0.47 inches) in length, with females being larger than the males.

Color: Most of them have a brown or reddish-brown body with the patterns and stripes differing from one species to the other. For instance, the leaf spider (Phonognatha graeffei) has a cream pattern on its back.

Other Characteristic Features: ThePhonognatha graeffei has a body that is fat and oval-shaped while their legs are long and tapering. Similarly, other species of this genus have display different physical features.

Eggs

The eggs are small and round. The Phonognatha graeffei lays its eggs within a curled leaf.

Spiderlings

Though not much information is available regarding the spiderlings of this genus, they disperse to be on their own after maturation.

The Web

Their webs are messy, looking like an incomplete circle, having a curled leaf at the center.

Are Spiders of the Phonognatha Genus Venomous and Do They Bite

They are harmless to humans, and their bites would cause not much than redness or swelling.

Quick Facts

Lifespan About one year
Distribution Throughout Australia
Habitat Forests, woodlands as well as gardens in the urban and suburban areas
Predators Parasitic wasps and birds
Diet Insects

Did You Know

  • French naturalist Eugene Simon was the first to describe this genus in the year 1895.
  • The leaf spider or Phonognatha graeffei is the most popular species of this genus.

Image Credits: arachne.org.au

Phonognatha is a genus comprising of spiders of the South Pacific orb-weaver family having approximately four species as per the 2019 April records. Spiders of this genus was initially a part of the Tetragnathidae or long-jawed orb weaver family before being shifted to its present position.

Phonognatha-Spider

Spiders Belonging to This Genus

Leaf (Phonognatha graeffei) Phonognatha melania Phonognatha neocaledonica
Phonognatha tanyodon

Physical Description & Identification

Adults

Size: They are 6mm to 12 mm (0.23 inches to 0.47 inches) in length, with females being larger than the males.

Color: Most of them have a brown or reddish-brown body with the patterns and stripes differing from one species to the other. For instance, the leaf spider (Phonognatha graeffei) has a cream pattern on its back.

Other Characteristic Features: ThePhonognatha graeffei has a body that is fat and oval-shaped while their legs are long and tapering. Similarly, other species of this genus have display different physical features.

Eggs

The eggs are small and round. The Phonognatha graeffei lays its eggs within a curled leaf.

Spiderlings

Though not much information is available regarding the spiderlings of this genus, they disperse to be on their own after maturation.

The Web

Their webs are messy, looking like an incomplete circle, having a curled leaf at the center.

Are Spiders of the Phonognatha Genus Venomous and Do They Bite

They are harmless to humans, and their bites would cause not much than redness or swelling.

Quick Facts

Lifespan About one year
Distribution Throughout Australia
Habitat Forests, woodlands as well as gardens in the urban and suburban areas
Predators Parasitic wasps and birds
Diet Insects

Did You Know

  • French naturalist Eugene Simon was the first to describe this genus in the year 1895.
  • The leaf spider or Phonognatha graeffei is the most popular species of this genus.

Image Credits: arachne.org.au

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *