Salticus

Salticus genus of the jumping spider family has 48 species in all. They, along with other genera, were a part of the Attus genus. However, in 1955, French arachnologist Pierre Bonnet declared Attus as its junior synonym, and Salticus got a separate genus status.

Salticus Spider

Spiders Belonging to this Genus

Salticus afghanicus Salticus aiderensis Salticus alegranzaensis
Salticus amitaii Salticus annulatus Salticus austinensis
Salticus beneficus Salticus brasiliensis Salticus canariensis
Salticus cingulatus Salticus confusus Salticus conjonctus
Salticus devotus Salticus dzhungaricus Salticus flavicruris
Salticus gomerensis Salticus iteacus Salticus jugularis
Salticus kraali Salticus latidentatus Salticus major
Salticus mandibularis Salticus marenzelleri Salticus meticulosus
Salticus modicus Salticus mutabilis Salticus noordami
Salticus olivaceus Salticus palpalis Salticus paludivagus
Salticus peckhamae Salticus perogaster Salticus propinquus
Salticus proszynskii Salticus quagga Salticus ravus
Zebra (Salticus scenicus) Salticus scitulus Salticus tricinctus
Salticus truncatus Salticus turkmenicus Salticus unciger
Salticus unicolor Salticus unispinus Salticus zebraneus

Physical Description and Identification

Adults

Size: Females spiders are 0.13-0.27 inches (0.33-0.68 cm) and males have an average size of 0.19 inches (0.48 cm).

Scientific Classification

Color: The spiders showcase a combination of black and white.

Other Characteristic Features: The chelicerae of male spiders are long. Zebra spider (Salticus scenicus), a species of this genus, has many eyes facing forward to locate its prey before pouncing upon it.

Eggs

Some species lay about 15 – 5 eggs within a silken sac, closely guarded by females.

Spiderlings

Spiderlings go through several molt phases.

The Web

These spiders do not make any webs for catching their prey., but may use silk to make temporary shelters to take rest.

Are Spiders of Salticus Genus Venomous

The spiders do not have venom that can potentially be detrimental to humans and they rarely bite.

Quick Facts

Other Names Zebra spiders
Distribution South Africa, Mexico, Brazil, Afghanistan, France, Tunisia, Greece, Italy, Hungary, e.t.c
Habitat Tree trunks, and rocks especially located near sunny areas, near woodlands, and heathlands.
Diet Arthropods and other spiders  
Lifespan 2-3 years on average, but some species can live longer

Did You Know

  • French scientist and civil servant Baron Charles Athanase Walckenaer described the Attus genus in the year 1805. However. in 1806, the Salticus genus was created by Pierre AndrĂ© Latreille. Still, Walckenaer ignored the fact and placed all the species in the genus he constructed.

Image Credits: arthropodafotos.de

Salticus genus of the jumping spider family has 48 species in all. They, along with other genera, were a part of the Attus genus. However, in 1955, French arachnologist Pierre Bonnet declared Attus as its junior synonym, and Salticus got a separate genus status.

Salticus Spider

Spiders Belonging to this Genus

Salticus afghanicus Salticus aiderensis Salticus alegranzaensis
Salticus amitaii Salticus annulatus Salticus austinensis
Salticus beneficus Salticus brasiliensis Salticus canariensis
Salticus cingulatus Salticus confusus Salticus conjonctus
Salticus devotus Salticus dzhungaricus Salticus flavicruris
Salticus gomerensis Salticus iteacus Salticus jugularis
Salticus kraali Salticus latidentatus Salticus major
Salticus mandibularis Salticus marenzelleri Salticus meticulosus
Salticus modicus Salticus mutabilis Salticus noordami
Salticus olivaceus Salticus palpalis Salticus paludivagus
Salticus peckhamae Salticus perogaster Salticus propinquus
Salticus proszynskii Salticus quagga Salticus ravus
Zebra (Salticus scenicus) Salticus scitulus Salticus tricinctus
Salticus truncatus Salticus turkmenicus Salticus unciger
Salticus unicolor Salticus unispinus Salticus zebraneus

Physical Description and Identification

Adults

Size: Females spiders are 0.13-0.27 inches (0.33-0.68 cm) and males have an average size of 0.19 inches (0.48 cm).

Color: The spiders showcase a combination of black and white.

Other Characteristic Features: The chelicerae of male spiders are long. Zebra spider (Salticus scenicus), a species of this genus, has many eyes facing forward to locate its prey before pouncing upon it.

Eggs

Some species lay about 15 – 5 eggs within a silken sac, closely guarded by females.

Spiderlings

Spiderlings go through several molt phases.

The Web

These spiders do not make any webs for catching their prey., but may use silk to make temporary shelters to take rest.

Are Spiders of Salticus Genus Venomous

The spiders do not have venom that can potentially be detrimental to humans and they rarely bite.

Quick Facts

Other Names Zebra spiders
Distribution South Africa, Mexico, Brazil, Afghanistan, France, Tunisia, Greece, Italy, Hungary, e.t.c
Habitat Tree trunks, and rocks especially located near sunny areas, near woodlands, and heathlands.
Diet Arthropods and other spiders  
Lifespan 2-3 years on average, but some species can live longer

Did You Know

  • French scientist and civil servant Baron Charles Athanase Walckenaer described the Attus genus in the year 1805. However. in 1806, the Salticus genus was created by Pierre AndrĂ© Latreille. Still, Walckenaer ignored the fact and placed all the species in the genus he constructed.

Image Credits: arthropodafotos.de

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