Pholcus

Pholcus genus of the Pholcidae family has 321 spiders in all as recorded by the World Spider Catalog in May 2016.

Pholcus Spider

Spiders Belonging to this Genus

Pholcus abstrusus Pholcus acutulus Pholcus aduncus
Pholcus afghanus Pholcus agadir Pholcus agilis
Pholcus alloctospilus Pholcus alpinus Pholcus alticeps
Pholcus amani Pholcus anachoreta Pholcus ancoralis
Pholcus andulau Pholcus anlong Pholcus arayat
Pholcus arcuatilis Pholcus arkit Pholcus armeniacus
Pholcus arsacius Pholcus atrigularis Pholcus attuleh
Pholcus babao Pholcus bailongensis Pholcus baka
Pholcus bakweri Pholcus baldiosensis Pholcus bamboutos
Pholcus bangfai Pholcus bantouensis Pholcus batepa
Pholcus beijingensis Pholcus berlandi Pholcus bessus
Pholcus bicornutus Pholcus bidentatus Pholcus bifidus
Pholcus bikilai Pholcus bimbache Pholcus bing
Pholcus bohorok Pholcus bolikhamsai Pholcus bourgini
Pholcus brevis Pholcus caecus Pholcus calcar
Pholcus calligaster Pholcus camba Pholcus caspius
Pholcus ceheng Pholcus chang Pholcus chappuisi
Pholcus chattoni Pholcus cheaha Pholcus chengpoi
Pholcus cheongogensis Pholcus chevronus Pholcus chiakensis
Pholcus chiangdao Pholcus chicheng Pholcus choctaw
Pholcus cibodas Pholcus circularis Pholcus clavatus
Pholcus clavimaculatus Pholcus cophenius Pholcus corcho
Pholcus corniger Pholcus crassipalpis Pholcus crassus
Pholcus creticus Pholcus crypticolenoides Pholcus crypticolens
Pholcus cuneatus Pholcus dade Pholcus dali
Pholcus datan Pholcus debilis Pholcus decorus
Pholcus dentatus Pholcus dieban Pholcus diopsis
Pholcus dixie Pholcus djelalabad Pholcus doucki
Pholcus dungara Pholcus edentatus Pholcus elongatus
Pholcus elymaeus Pholcus erewan Pholcus ethagala
Pholcus exceptus Pholcus exilis Pholcus extumidus
Pholcus fagei Pholcus faveauxi Pholcus fengcheng
Pholcus foliaceus Pholcus fragillimus Pholcus fuerteventurensis
Pholcus gajiensis Pholcus ganziensis Pholcus gaoi
Pholcus genuiformis Pholcus gombak Pholcus gomerae
Pholcus gosuensis Pholcus gracillimus Pholcus guadarfia
Pholcus guani Pholcus gui Pholcus guineensis
Pholcus halabala Pholcus hamatus Pholcus harveyi
Pholcus helenae Pholcus henanensis Pholcus hieroglyphicus
Pholcus higoensis Pholcus hochiminhi Pholcus hoyo
Pholcus huapingensis Pholcus huberi Pholcus hurau
Pholcus hyrcanus Pholcus hytaspus Pholcus imbricatus
Pholcus intricatus Pholcus jaegeri Pholcus jiaotu
Pholcus jinniu Pholcus jinwum Pholcus jiulong
Pholcus jiuwei Pholcus jixianensis Pholcus joreongensis
Pholcus jusahi Pholcus juwangensis Pholcus kakum
Pholcus kamkaly Pholcus kandahar Pholcus kangding
Pholcus kapuri Pholcus karawari Pholcus kerinci
Pholcus khene Pholcus kihansi Pholcus kimi
Pholcus kinabalu Pholcus kindia Pholcus kingi
Pholcus knoeseli Pholcus koah Pholcus koasati
Pholcus kohi Pholcus kribi Pholcus kui
Pholcus kunming Pholcus kwamgumi Pholcus kwanaksanensis
Pholcus kwangkyosanensis Pholcus kyondo Pholcus laksao
Pholcus lamperti Pholcus lanieri Pholcus ledang
Pholcus leruthi Pholcus lexuancanhi Pholcus lijiangensis
Pholcus lilangai Pholcus lingulatus Pholcus linzhou
Pholcus liui Pholcus liutu Pholcus lualaba
Pholcus luding Pholcus luki Pholcus lupanga
Pholcus luya Pholcus madeirensis Pholcus magnus
Pholcus malpaisensis Pholcus manueli Pholcus mao
Pholcus maronita Pholcus mascaensis Pholcus maturata
Pholcus mazumbai Pholcus mbuti Pholcus mecheria
Pholcus medicus Pholcus medog Pholcus mengla
Pholcus mentawir Pholcus mianshanensis Pholcus minang
Pholcus mirabilis Pholcus moca Pholcus montanus
Pholcus multidentatus Pholcus muralicola Pholcus nagasakiensis
Pholcus namkhan Pholcus namou Pholcus negara
Pholcus nenjukovi Pholcus nkoetye Pholcus nodong
Pholcus obscurus Pholcus oculosus Pholcus okgye
Pholcus opilionoides Pholcus ornatus Pholcus otomi
Pholcus ovatus Pholcus pagbilao Pholcus pakse
Pholcus palgongensis Pholcus papilionis Pholcus paralinzhou
Pholcus parayichengicus Pholcus parkyeonensis Pholcus parthicus
Pholcus parvus Pholcus pennatus Pholcus persicus

Long Bodied Cellar (Pholcus phalangioides)

Scientific Classification

Pholcus phami Pholcus phoenixus
Pholcus phui Pholcus phungiformes Pholcus pingtung
Pholcus pojeonensis Pholcus ponticus Pholcus punu
Pholcus pyu Pholcus qingchengensis Pholcus quinghaiensis
Pholcus quinquenotatus Pholcus rawiriae Pholcus reevesi
Pholcus roquensis Pholcus ruteng Pholcus saaristoi
Pholcus sabah Pholcus satun Pholcus schawalleri
Pholcus schwendingeri Pholcus sepaku Pholcus shangrila
Pholcus shuangtu Pholcus sidorenkoi Pholcus silvai
Pholcus simbok Pholcus singalang Pholcus socheunensis
Pholcus sogdianae Pholcus sokkrisanensis Pholcus songi
Pholcus songxian Pholcus soukous Pholcus spasskyi
Pholcus spiliensis Pholcus spilis Pholcus steineri
Pholcus strandi Pholcus sublaksao Pholcus sublingulatus
Pholcus suboculosus Pholcus subwuyiensis Pholcus sudhami
Pholcus suizhongicus Pholcus sumatraensis Pholcus sveni
Pholcus taarab Pholcus tahai Pholcus taibaiensis
Pholcus taibeli Pholcus taishan Pholcus taita
Pholcus tenerifensis Pholcus thakek Pholcus tongi
Pholcus triangulatus Pholcus tuoyuan Pholcus turcicus
Pholcus tuyan Pholcus twa Pholcus uksuensis
Pholcus undatus Pholcus varirata Pholcus vatovae
Pholcus velitchkovskyi Pholcus vesculus Pholcus viveki
Pholcus wahehe Pholcus wangi Pholcus wangtian
Pholcus wangxidong Pholcus woongil Pholcus wuling
Pholcus wuyiensis Pholcus xianrendong Pholcus xiaotu
Pholcus xingren Pholcus xingyi Pholcus yangi
Pholcus yeoncheonensis Pholcus yeongwol Pholcus yi
Pholcus yichengicus Pholcus yoshikurai Pholcus youngae
Pholcus yuantu Pholcus yugong Pholcus yunnanensis
Pholcus zham Pholcus zhangae Pholcus zhaoi
Pholcus zhui Pholcus zhuolu Pholcus zichyi

Physical Description and Identification

Adults

Size: They measure 0.23 – 0.39 inches (0.58 – 0.99 cm) on average, with males being smaller.

Color: Most of them have a brown or tan body with the color varying from one species to another. One of the significant species of this genus, the long-bodied cellar spider have a yellowish-brown with a gray patch on its cephalothorax.

Other Characteristic Features: Most species, particularly the long-bodied cellar spider has thin, long legs that have earned them the alternate name daddy-long-legs.

Eggs

Female spiders make silken sacs containing about 30 eggs, which hatch in four weeks. The number depends on the species of spiders as some spiders can make up to 3 pouches in their lifetime.

Spiderlings

After hatching, the spiderlings stay with their mother during the first week and then drift apart gradually. They go through about 5 or 6 molts and then mature into adults. Sibling cannibalism is common in them.

The Web

Their webs are generally loosely spun and flat, while some make irregularly-shaped ones.

Are Spiders of the Pholcus Genus Venomous

Contrary to what people believe, the spiders are not detrimental to people. They don’t have strong jaws to bite and harm humans.

Quick Facts

Distribution China, Taiwan, Laos, Philippines, Ethiopia, Canary Islands, Vietnam, Korea, Sumatra, Thailand, Japan,  USA, Singapore, Malaysia, Afghanistan, Congo, Tanzania, and Iran
Habitat Damp places, garages, basements, barns, and sheds
Diet Insects and other spiders like house spiders, redback and huntsman spiders
Web Type Non-sticky webs
Lifespan Around 3 years

Did You Know

  • Some of the species of this genus are known as daddy long legs, but the same name is applicable for spiders of other genera as well, alongside other arthropods like the crane fly and harvestman.
  • French scientist and civil servant Baron Charles Athanase Walckenaer described this genus in 1805.

Image Credits: abugblog.blogspot.com

Pholcus genus of the Pholcidae family has 321 spiders in all as recorded by the World Spider Catalog in May 2016.

Pholcus Spider

Spiders Belonging to this Genus

Pholcus abstrusus Pholcus acutulus Pholcus aduncus
Pholcus afghanus Pholcus agadir Pholcus agilis
Pholcus alloctospilus Pholcus alpinus Pholcus alticeps
Pholcus amani Pholcus anachoreta Pholcus ancoralis
Pholcus andulau Pholcus anlong Pholcus arayat
Pholcus arcuatilis Pholcus arkit Pholcus armeniacus
Pholcus arsacius Pholcus atrigularis Pholcus attuleh
Pholcus babao Pholcus bailongensis Pholcus baka
Pholcus bakweri Pholcus baldiosensis Pholcus bamboutos
Pholcus bangfai Pholcus bantouensis Pholcus batepa
Pholcus beijingensis Pholcus berlandi Pholcus bessus
Pholcus bicornutus Pholcus bidentatus Pholcus bifidus
Pholcus bikilai Pholcus bimbache Pholcus bing
Pholcus bohorok Pholcus bolikhamsai Pholcus bourgini
Pholcus brevis Pholcus caecus Pholcus calcar
Pholcus calligaster Pholcus camba Pholcus caspius
Pholcus ceheng Pholcus chang Pholcus chappuisi
Pholcus chattoni Pholcus cheaha Pholcus chengpoi
Pholcus cheongogensis Pholcus chevronus Pholcus chiakensis
Pholcus chiangdao Pholcus chicheng Pholcus choctaw
Pholcus cibodas Pholcus circularis Pholcus clavatus
Pholcus clavimaculatus Pholcus cophenius Pholcus corcho
Pholcus corniger Pholcus crassipalpis Pholcus crassus
Pholcus creticus Pholcus crypticolenoides Pholcus crypticolens
Pholcus cuneatus Pholcus dade Pholcus dali
Pholcus datan Pholcus debilis Pholcus decorus
Pholcus dentatus Pholcus dieban Pholcus diopsis
Pholcus dixie Pholcus djelalabad Pholcus doucki
Pholcus dungara Pholcus edentatus Pholcus elongatus
Pholcus elymaeus Pholcus erewan Pholcus ethagala
Pholcus exceptus Pholcus exilis Pholcus extumidus
Pholcus fagei Pholcus faveauxi Pholcus fengcheng
Pholcus foliaceus Pholcus fragillimus Pholcus fuerteventurensis
Pholcus gajiensis Pholcus ganziensis Pholcus gaoi
Pholcus genuiformis Pholcus gombak Pholcus gomerae
Pholcus gosuensis Pholcus gracillimus Pholcus guadarfia
Pholcus guani Pholcus gui Pholcus guineensis
Pholcus halabala Pholcus hamatus Pholcus harveyi
Pholcus helenae Pholcus henanensis Pholcus hieroglyphicus
Pholcus higoensis Pholcus hochiminhi Pholcus hoyo
Pholcus huapingensis Pholcus huberi Pholcus hurau
Pholcus hyrcanus Pholcus hytaspus Pholcus imbricatus
Pholcus intricatus Pholcus jaegeri Pholcus jiaotu
Pholcus jinniu Pholcus jinwum Pholcus jiulong
Pholcus jiuwei Pholcus jixianensis Pholcus joreongensis
Pholcus jusahi Pholcus juwangensis Pholcus kakum
Pholcus kamkaly Pholcus kandahar Pholcus kangding
Pholcus kapuri Pholcus karawari Pholcus kerinci
Pholcus khene Pholcus kihansi Pholcus kimi
Pholcus kinabalu Pholcus kindia Pholcus kingi
Pholcus knoeseli Pholcus koah Pholcus koasati
Pholcus kohi Pholcus kribi Pholcus kui
Pholcus kunming Pholcus kwamgumi Pholcus kwanaksanensis
Pholcus kwangkyosanensis Pholcus kyondo Pholcus laksao
Pholcus lamperti Pholcus lanieri Pholcus ledang
Pholcus leruthi Pholcus lexuancanhi Pholcus lijiangensis
Pholcus lilangai Pholcus lingulatus Pholcus linzhou
Pholcus liui Pholcus liutu Pholcus lualaba
Pholcus luding Pholcus luki Pholcus lupanga
Pholcus luya Pholcus madeirensis Pholcus magnus
Pholcus malpaisensis Pholcus manueli Pholcus mao
Pholcus maronita Pholcus mascaensis Pholcus maturata
Pholcus mazumbai Pholcus mbuti Pholcus mecheria
Pholcus medicus Pholcus medog Pholcus mengla
Pholcus mentawir Pholcus mianshanensis Pholcus minang
Pholcus mirabilis Pholcus moca Pholcus montanus
Pholcus multidentatus Pholcus muralicola Pholcus nagasakiensis
Pholcus namkhan Pholcus namou Pholcus negara
Pholcus nenjukovi Pholcus nkoetye Pholcus nodong
Pholcus obscurus Pholcus oculosus Pholcus okgye
Pholcus opilionoides Pholcus ornatus Pholcus otomi
Pholcus ovatus Pholcus pagbilao Pholcus pakse
Pholcus palgongensis Pholcus papilionis Pholcus paralinzhou
Pholcus parayichengicus Pholcus parkyeonensis Pholcus parthicus
Pholcus parvus Pholcus pennatus Pholcus persicus

Long Bodied Cellar (Pholcus phalangioides)

Pholcus phami Pholcus phoenixus
Pholcus phui Pholcus phungiformes Pholcus pingtung
Pholcus pojeonensis Pholcus ponticus Pholcus punu
Pholcus pyu Pholcus qingchengensis Pholcus quinghaiensis
Pholcus quinquenotatus Pholcus rawiriae Pholcus reevesi
Pholcus roquensis Pholcus ruteng Pholcus saaristoi
Pholcus sabah Pholcus satun Pholcus schawalleri
Pholcus schwendingeri Pholcus sepaku Pholcus shangrila
Pholcus shuangtu Pholcus sidorenkoi Pholcus silvai
Pholcus simbok Pholcus singalang Pholcus socheunensis
Pholcus sogdianae Pholcus sokkrisanensis Pholcus songi
Pholcus songxian Pholcus soukous Pholcus spasskyi
Pholcus spiliensis Pholcus spilis Pholcus steineri
Pholcus strandi Pholcus sublaksao Pholcus sublingulatus
Pholcus suboculosus Pholcus subwuyiensis Pholcus sudhami
Pholcus suizhongicus Pholcus sumatraensis Pholcus sveni
Pholcus taarab Pholcus tahai Pholcus taibaiensis
Pholcus taibeli Pholcus taishan Pholcus taita
Pholcus tenerifensis Pholcus thakek Pholcus tongi
Pholcus triangulatus Pholcus tuoyuan Pholcus turcicus
Pholcus tuyan Pholcus twa Pholcus uksuensis
Pholcus undatus Pholcus varirata Pholcus vatovae
Pholcus velitchkovskyi Pholcus vesculus Pholcus viveki
Pholcus wahehe Pholcus wangi Pholcus wangtian
Pholcus wangxidong Pholcus woongil Pholcus wuling
Pholcus wuyiensis Pholcus xianrendong Pholcus xiaotu
Pholcus xingren Pholcus xingyi Pholcus yangi
Pholcus yeoncheonensis Pholcus yeongwol Pholcus yi
Pholcus yichengicus Pholcus yoshikurai Pholcus youngae
Pholcus yuantu Pholcus yugong Pholcus yunnanensis
Pholcus zham Pholcus zhangae Pholcus zhaoi
Pholcus zhui Pholcus zhuolu Pholcus zichyi

Physical Description and Identification

Adults

Size: They measure 0.23 – 0.39 inches (0.58 – 0.99 cm) on average, with males being smaller.

Color: Most of them have a brown or tan body with the color varying from one species to another. One of the significant species of this genus, the long-bodied cellar spider have a yellowish-brown with a gray patch on its cephalothorax.

Other Characteristic Features: Most species, particularly the long-bodied cellar spider has thin, long legs that have earned them the alternate name daddy-long-legs.

Eggs

Female spiders make silken sacs containing about 30 eggs, which hatch in four weeks. The number depends on the species of spiders as some spiders can make up to 3 pouches in their lifetime.

Spiderlings

After hatching, the spiderlings stay with their mother during the first week and then drift apart gradually. They go through about 5 or 6 molts and then mature into adults. Sibling cannibalism is common in them.

The Web

Their webs are generally loosely spun and flat, while some make irregularly-shaped ones.

Are Spiders of the Pholcus Genus Venomous

Contrary to what people believe, the spiders are not detrimental to people. They don’t have strong jaws to bite and harm humans.

Quick Facts

Distribution China, Taiwan, Laos, Philippines, Ethiopia, Canary Islands, Vietnam, Korea, Sumatra, Thailand, Japan,  USA, Singapore, Malaysia, Afghanistan, Congo, Tanzania, and Iran
Habitat Damp places, garages, basements, barns, and sheds
Diet Insects and other spiders like house spiders, redback and huntsman spiders
Web Type Non-sticky webs
Lifespan Around 3 years

Did You Know

  • Some of the species of this genus are known as daddy long legs, but the same name is applicable for spiders of other genera as well, alongside other arthropods like the crane fly and harvestman.
  • French scientist and civil servant Baron Charles Athanase Walckenaer described this genus in 1805.

Image Credits: abugblog.blogspot.com

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