Leucauge

Leucauge genus of the long-jawed orb-weaver family has about 167 species as of August 2020, with a pantropical distribution.

Leucauge Spider

Spiders Belonging to this Genus

Leucauge abbajae Leucauge abyssinica Leucauge acuminata
Leucauge albomaculata Leucauge amanica Leucauge analis
Leucauge annulipedella Leucauge apicata Leucauge arbitrariana
Leucauge argentea Leucauge argenteanigra Leucauge argentina
Leucauge argyra Leucauge argyrescens Leucauge argyroaffinis
Leucauge argyrobapta Leucauge atrostricta Leucauge aurocincta
Leucauge auronotum Leucauge aurostriata Leucauge badiensis
Leucauge beata Leucauge bituberculata Leucauge blanda
Leucauge bontoc Leucauge branicki Leucauge brevitibialis
Leucauge cabindae Leucauge camelina Leucauge camerunensis
Leucauge capelloi Leucauge caucaensis Leucauge caudata
Leucauge celebesiana Leucauge clarki Leucauge comorensis
Leucauge conifera Leucauge cordivittata Leucauge crucinota
Leucauge curta Leucauge decorata Leucauge digna
Leucauge ditissima Leucauge dorsotuberculata Leucauge dromedaria
Leucauge emertoni Leucauge eua Leucauge fasciiventris
Leucauge festiva Leucauge fibulata Leucauge fishoekensis
Leucauge formosa Leucauge fragilis Leucauge frequens
Leucauge funebris Leucauge gemminipunctata Leucauge granulata
Leucauge hasselti Leucauge hebridisiana Leucauge henryi
Leucauge idonea Leucauge ilatele Leucauge insularis
Leucauge iraray Leucauge isabela Leucauge japonica
Leucauge kibonotensis Leucauge lamperti Leucauge lechei
Leucauge lehmannella Leucauge leprosa Leucauge levanderi
Leucauge linyphia Leucauge liui Leucauge loltuna
Leucauge lombokiana Leucauge longimana Leucauge longipes
Leucauge longula Leucauge macrochoera Leucauge mahabascapea
Leucauge mahurica Leucauge malkini Leucauge mammilla
Leucauge margaritata Leucauge mariana Leucauge medjensis
Leucauge mendanai Leucauge meruensis Leucauge mesomelas
Leucauge moerens Leucauge moheliensis Leucauge nagashimai
Leucauge nanshan Leucauge nicobarica Leucauge nigricauda
Leucauge nigrocincta Leucauge nigrotarsalis Leucauge obscurella
Leucauge opiparis Leucauge papuana Leucauge parangscipinia
Leucauge pinarensis Leucauge polita Leucauge popayanensis
Leucauge prodiga Leucauge profundifoveata Leucauge pulcherrima
Leucauge pusilla Leucauge quadrifasciata Leucauge quadripenicillata
Leucauge regnyi Leucauge reimoseri Leucauge roseosignata
Leucauge rubripleura Leucauge rubrotrivittata Leucauge ruwenzorensis
Leucauge sabahan Leucauge saphes Leucauge scalaris
Leucauge semiventris Leucauge senegalensis Leucauge severa
Leucauge signiventris Leucauge simplex Leucauge soeensis
Leucauge speciosissima Leucauge spiculosa Leucauge splendens
Leucauge stictopyga Leucauge striatipes Leucauge subadulta
Leucauge subblanda Leucauge subgemmea Leucauge superba
Leucauge synthetica Leucauge taczanowskii Leucauge taiwanica
Leucauge talagangiba Leucauge tanikawai Leucauge tellervo
Leucauge tengchongensis Leucauge tessellata Leucauge tetragnathella
Leucauge thomeensis Leucauge tredecimguttata Leucauge tristicta
Leucauge tupaqamaru Leucauge turbida Leucauge uberta
Leucauge undulata Leucauge ungulata

Orchard Orbweaver (Leucauge venusta)

Scientific Classification

Leucauge vibrabunda Leucauge virginis Leucauge viridecolorata
Leucauge volupis Leucauge wangi Leucauge wokamara
Leucauge wulingensis Leucauge xiaoen Leucauge xiuying
Leucauge zizhong

Physical Description and Identification

Adults

Size: Females spiders are 0.2 – 0.5 inches (0.5 – 1.2 cm) and males are smaller with around 0.1 inches (0.2 cm).

Color: Spiders of the genus are generally bright, coming in colors of orange, silver, green, and brown. However, the females have distinct black, yellow, and silver markings, distinguishing them from their male counterparts.

Other Characteristic Features: On the femur bone of their fourth legs, curved and slender hairs can be seen.

Eggs

300-500 eggs are kept inside an egg sac made with loose orange silk. The sac is usually created near twigs or leaves. The eggs are 0.35 inches (0.01 cm) in size on average.

Spiderlings

After overwintering, spiderlings come out and disperse in the spring season.

The Web

Their web is similar to orbs slanting at a 45° angle. The spider chooses to sit in the middle of the web, facing downwards.

Are Spiders of the Leucauge Genus Venomous

Their bite has a low venom, causing not more than skin irritation to people with allergies.

Quick Facts

Distribution India, Costa Rica, China, Russia, Japan, Taiwan, New Guinea, and Sulawesi Island of Indonesia
Habitat Moist places
Diet Moths, flies, wasps, beetles, mosquitoes
Web Type Orb-web
Lifespan Females live around 1 year and males often gets eaten by the female post mating

Did You Know

  • Scottish zoologist Adam White documented the genus for the first time in his book ‘Description of New or Little Known Arachnida’.
  • In 1832, Charles Darwin took the first specimen of the genus, now known as Leucauge argyrobapta. He was the one who recommended the genus name.
  • The name of the genus is originated from the Greek word ‘Leukos’, meaning white.

Image Credits: arachne.org.au

Leucauge genus of the long-jawed orb-weaver family has about 167 species as of August 2020, with a pantropical distribution.

Leucauge Spider

Spiders Belonging to this Genus

Leucauge abbajae Leucauge abyssinica Leucauge acuminata
Leucauge albomaculata Leucauge amanica Leucauge analis
Leucauge annulipedella Leucauge apicata Leucauge arbitrariana
Leucauge argentea Leucauge argenteanigra Leucauge argentina
Leucauge argyra Leucauge argyrescens Leucauge argyroaffinis
Leucauge argyrobapta Leucauge atrostricta Leucauge aurocincta
Leucauge auronotum Leucauge aurostriata Leucauge badiensis
Leucauge beata Leucauge bituberculata Leucauge blanda
Leucauge bontoc Leucauge branicki Leucauge brevitibialis
Leucauge cabindae Leucauge camelina Leucauge camerunensis
Leucauge capelloi Leucauge caucaensis Leucauge caudata
Leucauge celebesiana Leucauge clarki Leucauge comorensis
Leucauge conifera Leucauge cordivittata Leucauge crucinota
Leucauge curta Leucauge decorata Leucauge digna
Leucauge ditissima Leucauge dorsotuberculata Leucauge dromedaria
Leucauge emertoni Leucauge eua Leucauge fasciiventris
Leucauge festiva Leucauge fibulata Leucauge fishoekensis
Leucauge formosa Leucauge fragilis Leucauge frequens
Leucauge funebris Leucauge gemminipunctata Leucauge granulata
Leucauge hasselti Leucauge hebridisiana Leucauge henryi
Leucauge idonea Leucauge ilatele Leucauge insularis
Leucauge iraray Leucauge isabela Leucauge japonica
Leucauge kibonotensis Leucauge lamperti Leucauge lechei
Leucauge lehmannella Leucauge leprosa Leucauge levanderi
Leucauge linyphia Leucauge liui Leucauge loltuna
Leucauge lombokiana Leucauge longimana Leucauge longipes
Leucauge longula Leucauge macrochoera Leucauge mahabascapea
Leucauge mahurica Leucauge malkini Leucauge mammilla
Leucauge margaritata Leucauge mariana Leucauge medjensis
Leucauge mendanai Leucauge meruensis Leucauge mesomelas
Leucauge moerens Leucauge moheliensis Leucauge nagashimai
Leucauge nanshan Leucauge nicobarica Leucauge nigricauda
Leucauge nigrocincta Leucauge nigrotarsalis Leucauge obscurella
Leucauge opiparis Leucauge papuana Leucauge parangscipinia
Leucauge pinarensis Leucauge polita Leucauge popayanensis
Leucauge prodiga Leucauge profundifoveata Leucauge pulcherrima
Leucauge pusilla Leucauge quadrifasciata Leucauge quadripenicillata
Leucauge regnyi Leucauge reimoseri Leucauge roseosignata
Leucauge rubripleura Leucauge rubrotrivittata Leucauge ruwenzorensis
Leucauge sabahan Leucauge saphes Leucauge scalaris
Leucauge semiventris Leucauge senegalensis Leucauge severa
Leucauge signiventris Leucauge simplex Leucauge soeensis
Leucauge speciosissima Leucauge spiculosa Leucauge splendens
Leucauge stictopyga Leucauge striatipes Leucauge subadulta
Leucauge subblanda Leucauge subgemmea Leucauge superba
Leucauge synthetica Leucauge taczanowskii Leucauge taiwanica
Leucauge talagangiba Leucauge tanikawai Leucauge tellervo
Leucauge tengchongensis Leucauge tessellata Leucauge tetragnathella
Leucauge thomeensis Leucauge tredecimguttata Leucauge tristicta
Leucauge tupaqamaru Leucauge turbida Leucauge uberta
Leucauge undulata Leucauge ungulata

Orchard Orbweaver (Leucauge venusta)

Leucauge vibrabunda Leucauge virginis Leucauge viridecolorata
Leucauge volupis Leucauge wangi Leucauge wokamara
Leucauge wulingensis Leucauge xiaoen Leucauge xiuying
Leucauge zizhong

Physical Description and Identification

Adults

Size: Females spiders are 0.2 – 0.5 inches (0.5 – 1.2 cm) and males are smaller with around 0.1 inches (0.2 cm).

Color: Spiders of the genus are generally bright, coming in colors of orange, silver, green, and brown. However, the females have distinct black, yellow, and silver markings, distinguishing them from their male counterparts.

Other Characteristic Features: On the femur bone of their fourth legs, curved and slender hairs can be seen.

Eggs

300-500 eggs are kept inside an egg sac made with loose orange silk. The sac is usually created near twigs or leaves. The eggs are 0.35 inches (0.01 cm) in size on average.

Spiderlings

After overwintering, spiderlings come out and disperse in the spring season.

The Web

Their web is similar to orbs slanting at a 45° angle. The spider chooses to sit in the middle of the web, facing downwards.

Are Spiders of the Leucauge Genus Venomous

Their bite has a low venom, causing not more than skin irritation to people with allergies.

Quick Facts

Distribution India, Costa Rica, China, Russia, Japan, Taiwan, New Guinea, and Sulawesi Island of Indonesia
Habitat Moist places
Diet Moths, flies, wasps, beetles, mosquitoes
Web Type Orb-web
Lifespan Females live around 1 year and males often gets eaten by the female post mating

Did You Know

  • Scottish zoologist Adam White documented the genus for the first time in his book ‘Description of New or Little Known Arachnida’.
  • In 1832, Charles Darwin took the first specimen of the genus, now known as Leucauge argyrobapta. He was the one who recommended the genus name.
  • The name of the genus is originated from the Greek word ‘Leukos’, meaning white.

Image Credits: arachne.org.au

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