Argiope

The Argiope genus comprises of spiders belonging to the orb weaver family, known for their large size and striking appearance. According to the records of April 2019, the genus has about 88 species, distributed evenly worldwide.

Argiope Spider

Spiders Belonging to This Genus

A. abramovi A. aemula A. aetherea
A. aetheroides A. ahngeri A. amoena
A. anasuja A. anomalopalpis Hawaiian Garden (Argiope appensa)
Silver Garden (Argiope argentata) Yellow Garden (Argiope aurantia) A. aurocincta
A. australis A. bivittigera A. blanda
A. boesenbergi A. bougainvilla Wasp (Argiope Bruennichi)
A. brunnescentia A. buehleri A. bullocki
A. butchko A. caesarea A. caledonia
A. cameloides A. carvalhoi A. catenulata
A. chloreis A. comorica A. coquereli
A. dang A. dietrichae A. doboensis
A. doleschalli A. ericae A. flavipalpis
A. florida A. halmaherensis A. hinderlichi
A. hoiseni A. intricata A. jinghongensis
A. kaingang A. katherina St. Andrews Cross (Argiope keyserlingi)
A. kochi A. legionis A. levii
A. lobata A. luzona A. macrochoera
A. madang A. magnifica A. mangal
A. manila A. mascordi A. minuta
A. modesta A. niasensis A. ocula
A. ocyaloides A. pentagona A. ponape
A. picta A. pictula A. perforata
A. possoica A. probata A. protensa
A. pulchella A. pulchelloides A. radon
A. ranomafanensis A. reinwardti A. sapoa
A. sector A. squallica A. submaronica
A. takum A. tapinolobata A. taprobanica
Banded Garden (Argiope trifasciata) A. truk A. versicolor
A. vietnamensis

Physical Description & Identification

Adults

Size: They may vary in size, ranging between 5mm and 35 mm.

Scientific Classification

Color: The color and patternsvary from one species to the other. For instance, the Argiope aurantia has yellow and orange stripes with a black abdomen. On the other hand, the Argiope trifasciata has a silvery body with several black lines. The abdomens of most species of his genus have a striking coloration, while their carapace mostly has silvery hairs.

Other Characteristic Features: Most of them have a round or oval-shaped abdomen. The yellow garden spider or Argiope aurantia has three claws on each of their legs.

Eggs

There are about 400 to 1400 eggs in a sac, which hatch during autumn. The yellow garden spider produces three to four big egg sacs resembling paper bags. The banded garden spider’s (Argiope trifasciata) sac, on the other hand, looks like a kettle drum.

Spiderlings

They remain with their mother until maturity, after which they disperse to be on their own.

The Web

They have a white, sticky web, appearing in the form of a zig-zag pattern of silk, which reflects UV light. The middle of their big web is located at a height one meter above the ground, preventing larger animals from walking under it.

Are the Species of the Argiope Genus Poisonous and Do They Bite

They would attack when provoked, but their venom is not poisonous to humans. Their bite is similar to a bee sting, leading to symptoms like pain, redness, and swelling.

Quick Facts

Lifespan Approximately one year
Distribution Throughout Asia, Australia, and Africa
Habitat Shrubby areas, dense vegetation, and gardens
Predators Lizards, larger spiders, and birds
Diet Flying insects like flies, wasps, bees, aphids, and grasshoppers

Did You Know

  • The genus derives its name from Argentum, a Latin word, translating to silver.
  • French naturalist, Jean Victoire Audouin, was the first to describe this genus in the year 1826. However, he attributes the establishment of this genus to French zoologist Savigny.
  • There were certain confusions regarding the spelling of this genus’ name, which was finally validated to Argiope, by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature in the year 1975.

Image Credits: magickcanoe.com

The Argiope genus comprises of spiders belonging to the orb weaver family, known for their large size and striking appearance. According to the records of April 2019, the genus has about 88 species, distributed evenly worldwide.

Argiope Spider

Spiders Belonging to This Genus

A. abramovi A. aemula A. aetherea
A. aetheroides A. ahngeri A. amoena
A. anasuja A. anomalopalpis Hawaiian Garden (Argiope appensa)
Silver Garden (Argiope argentata) Yellow Garden (Argiope aurantia) A. aurocincta
A. australis A. bivittigera A. blanda
A. boesenbergi A. bougainvilla Wasp (Argiope Bruennichi)
A. brunnescentia A. buehleri A. bullocki
A. butchko A. caesarea A. caledonia
A. cameloides A. carvalhoi A. catenulata
A. chloreis A. comorica A. coquereli
A. dang A. dietrichae A. doboensis
A. doleschalli A. ericae A. flavipalpis
A. florida A. halmaherensis A. hinderlichi
A. hoiseni A. intricata A. jinghongensis
A. kaingang A. katherina St. Andrews Cross (Argiope keyserlingi)
A. kochi A. legionis A. levii
A. lobata A. luzona A. macrochoera
A. madang A. magnifica A. mangal
A. manila A. mascordi A. minuta
A. modesta A. niasensis A. ocula
A. ocyaloides A. pentagona A. ponape
A. picta A. pictula A. perforata
A. possoica A. probata A. protensa
A. pulchella A. pulchelloides A. radon
A. ranomafanensis A. reinwardti A. sapoa
A. sector A. squallica A. submaronica
A. takum A. tapinolobata A. taprobanica
Banded Garden (Argiope trifasciata) A. truk A. versicolor
A. vietnamensis

Physical Description & Identification

Adults

Size: They may vary in size, ranging between 5mm and 35 mm.

Color: The color and patternsvary from one species to the other. For instance, the Argiope aurantia has yellow and orange stripes with a black abdomen. On the other hand, the Argiope trifasciata has a silvery body with several black lines. The abdomens of most species of his genus have a striking coloration, while their carapace mostly has silvery hairs.

Other Characteristic Features: Most of them have a round or oval-shaped abdomen. The yellow garden spider or Argiope aurantia has three claws on each of their legs.

Eggs

There are about 400 to 1400 eggs in a sac, which hatch during autumn. The yellow garden spider produces three to four big egg sacs resembling paper bags. The banded garden spider’s (Argiope trifasciata) sac, on the other hand, looks like a kettle drum.

Spiderlings

They remain with their mother until maturity, after which they disperse to be on their own.

The Web

They have a white, sticky web, appearing in the form of a zig-zag pattern of silk, which reflects UV light. The middle of their big web is located at a height one meter above the ground, preventing larger animals from walking under it.

Are the Species of the Argiope Genus Poisonous and Do They Bite

They would attack when provoked, but their venom is not poisonous to humans. Their bite is similar to a bee sting, leading to symptoms like pain, redness, and swelling.

Quick Facts

Lifespan Approximately one year
Distribution Throughout Asia, Australia, and Africa
Habitat Shrubby areas, dense vegetation, and gardens
Predators Lizards, larger spiders, and birds
Diet Flying insects like flies, wasps, bees, aphids, and grasshoppers

Did You Know

  • The genus derives its name from Argentum, a Latin word, translating to silver.
  • French naturalist, Jean Victoire Audouin, was the first to describe this genus in the year 1826. However, he attributes the establishment of this genus to French zoologist Savigny.
  • There were certain confusions regarding the spelling of this genus’ name, which was finally validated to Argiope, by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature in the year 1975.

Image Credits: magickcanoe.com

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