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Eriophora

Eriophora genus of the orb-weaver family has ten species in all according to the 2019 records, occupying parts of America, Australia, and Africa. One of the most popular spiders of this group is the Australian garden orb-weaver (Eriophora transmarina), known for its attractive coloration and increasingly large abdomen.

Eriophora Spider

Spiders Belonging to this Genus

Eriophora biapicata Eriophora conica Eriophora edax
Eriophora flavicoma Eriophora fuliginea Eriophora nephiloides
Eriophora neufvilleorum Eriophora pustulosa Eriophora ravilla
Australian Garden Orb Weaver (Eriophora transmarina)

Physical Description and Identification

Adults

Size: Female spiders are usually around 0.98 inches (2.5 cm), and male spiders are almost 0.66 inches (1.7 cm) on average.

Scientific Classification

Color: They could have a light or dark coloration. For instance, the Australian garden orb-weaver is off-white, tan, brown, or even black. The garden orb-weaver, on the other hand, has a reddish-brown body.

Other Characteristic Features: The physical features differ from one species to the other. In the Australian garden spider, one could spot an over-sized abdomen. In contrast, the garden orb-weaver has spiny projections of their abdomen.

Eggs

Female spiders make egg sacs or silken cocoons and then deposit their eggs within them.

Spiderlings

Spiderlings mostly disperse on their own by ballooning.

The Web

Their sticky round webs, similar to an orb, are intricately spun.

Are Spiders of the Eriophora Genus Venomous

Their bites are not venomous, causing minimal symptoms like swelling or redness that lasts for not more than three to four hours.

Quick Facts

Distribution Africa, America, an Australasia
Habitat Under leaves, twigs, and on trees
Diet Insects
Web Type Orb web
Lifespan Around 1 year

Did You Know

  • The French naturalist Eugène Simon first described this genus in 1895.
  • The origin of the genus name is a Greek word, meaning wool bearing.

Image Credits: arachnoboards.com

Eriophora genus of the orb-weaver family has ten species in all according to the 2019 records, occupying parts of America, Australia, and Africa. One of the most popular spiders of this group is the Australian garden orb-weaver (Eriophora transmarina), known for its attractive coloration and increasingly large abdomen.

Eriophora Spider

Spiders Belonging to this Genus

Eriophora biapicata Eriophora conica Eriophora edax
Eriophora flavicoma Eriophora fuliginea Eriophora nephiloides
Eriophora neufvilleorum Eriophora pustulosa Eriophora ravilla
Australian Garden Orb Weaver (Eriophora transmarina)

Physical Description and Identification

Adults

Size: Female spiders are usually around 0.98 inches (2.5 cm), and male spiders are almost 0.66 inches (1.7 cm) on average.

Color: They could have a light or dark coloration. For instance, the Australian garden orb-weaver is off-white, tan, brown, or even black. The garden orb-weaver, on the other hand, has a reddish-brown body.

Other Characteristic Features: The physical features differ from one species to the other. In the Australian garden spider, one could spot an over-sized abdomen. In contrast, the garden orb-weaver has spiny projections of their abdomen.

Eggs

Female spiders make egg sacs or silken cocoons and then deposit their eggs within them.

Spiderlings

Spiderlings mostly disperse on their own by ballooning.

The Web

Their sticky round webs, similar to an orb, are intricately spun.

Are Spiders of the Eriophora Genus Venomous

Their bites are not venomous, causing minimal symptoms like swelling or redness that lasts for not more than three to four hours.

Quick Facts

Distribution Africa, America, an Australasia
Habitat Under leaves, twigs, and on trees
Diet Insects
Web Type Orb web
Lifespan Around 1 year

Did You Know

  • The French naturalist Eugène Simon first described this genus in 1895.
  • The origin of the genus name is a Greek word, meaning wool bearing.

Image Credits: arachnoboards.com

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