Spiders in Texas

The state of Texas has more than 80 species distributed evenly throughout the northern and southern parts, with the black widow and brown recluse being the deadliest of the lot.

Common spiders: Yellow Garden (Argiope aurantia), Carolina Wolf (Hogna carolinensis), Common House (Parasteatoda tepidariorum), Brown Widow (Latrodectus geometricus), Texas Recluse (Loxosceles devia), Gray Wall Jumper (Menemerus bivittatus), Long-bodied Cellar (Pholcus phalangioides)

Largest spiders:  Giant Lichen Orb-weaver (Araneus bicentenarius), Giant Crab (Olios giganteus), Carolina Wolf (Hogna carolinensis)

Smallest spider: American Grass (Agelenopsis potteri)

Highly Venomous Spiders

Cobweb (Theridiidae)

Sicariidae

  • Brown Recluse (Loxosceles reclusa)
  • Texas Recluse (Loxosceles devia)

Less Venomous Spiders

Orb-weaver (Araneidae)

Jumping (Salticidae)

Spitting (Scytodidae)

  • Scytodes lugubris
  • Scytodes thoracica
  • Scytodes univittata

Cobweb (Theridiidae)

  • Common House (Parasteatoda tepidariorum)
  • Asagena fulva

Funnel Weaver (Agelenidae)

  • Barronopsis texana
  • American Grass (Agelenopsis potteri)

Corinnidae

  • Castianeira crocata
  • Castianeira thalia
  • Falconina gracilis

Ground (Gnaphosidae)

  • Cesonia bilineata
  • Sergiolus capulatus

Cellar (Pholcidae)

  • Tailed Daddy Long-legged (Crossopriza lyoni)
  • Long-bodied Cellar (Pholcus phalangioides)

Wolf (Lycosidae)

  • Carolina Wolf (Hogna carolinensis)
  • Geolycosa missouriensis
  • Geolycosa rafaelana
  • Gladicosa gulosa
  • Hogna antelucana
  • Hogna baltimoriana
  • Hogna coloradensis
  • Sosippus texanus
  • Tigrosa annexa
  • Tigrosa georgicola
  • Tigrosa grandis
  • Tigrosa helluo
  • Trochosa sepulchralis
  • Varacosa avara

Anyphaenidae Sac (Anyphaenidae)

  • Hibana velox

Crevice Weaver (Filistatidae)

Amaurobiidae

  • Hacklemesh Weaver (Metaltella simoni)

Euctenizidae

  • Myrmekiaphila comstocki

Linyphiidae

  • Filmy Dome (Neriene radiate)

Crab (Thomisidae)

  • Giant Crab (Olios giganteus)
  • Tmarus angulatus

Lynx (Oxyopidae)

Prowling (Miturgidae)

  • Zora pumila