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Apache Jumping (Phidippus apacheanus)

Apache Jumping spider, a part of the Salticidae family, mostly thrives in the United States, Cuba, and Mexico.

Apache Jumping Spider

Physical Description and Identification

Adults

Size: Females are large with a body length of 0.86 inches (22mm), while males have a smaller body not more that 0.12 inches (3.3 mm).

Color: There is a slight difference in coloration between both the sexes. Females have shades of orange on their abdomen and cephalothorax with black on the undersides. Their black legs also have orange or red rings arranged at intervals. The males, on the other hand, have a more solid tone. They have scarlet scales on their abdomen and cephalothorax. At the same time, the remaining part of their body and legs are glossy black.

Other Characteristic Features: Most of the species, particularly the males, have hairy legs. These spiders have bands and spots throughout their abdomen and cephalothorax.

Eggs

The female closely guards the eggs laid in a silken sac till the time they hatch.

Spiderlings

The juveniles that hatch from the eggs in spring and summer mostly replicate the female’s color. Their legs appear paler than the body.

The Web  

Like other jumping spiders, they also do not build webs but make silken retreats resembling small tents to catch prey.

Is the Apache Jumping Spider Venomous

They have venom, which however, does not cause harm to humans.

Quick Facts

DistributionNorth America (southwestern states), parts of Cuba, and Mexico
HabitatMostly in arid and dry regions like deserts
PredatorsBirds, lizards, and frogs, as well bigger  spiders
DietSmaller insects
Lifespan10 – 12 months

Did You Know

  • They have a similar color pattern to the mutillid wasp, thus mimicking the latter.

Image Source: lh3.ggpht.com

Apache Jumping spider, a part of the Salticidae family, mostly thrives in the United States, Cuba, and Mexico.

Apache Jumping Spider

Physical Description and Identification

Adults

Size: Females are large with a body length of 0.86 inches (22mm), while males have a smaller body not more that 0.12 inches (3.3 mm).

Color: There is a slight difference in coloration between both the sexes. Females have shades of orange on their abdomen and cephalothorax with black on the undersides. Their black legs also have orange or red rings arranged at intervals. The males, on the other hand, have a more solid tone. They have scarlet scales on their abdomen and cephalothorax. At the same time, the remaining part of their body and legs are glossy black.

Other Characteristic Features: Most of the species, particularly the males, have hairy legs. These spiders have bands and spots throughout their abdomen and cephalothorax.

Eggs

The female closely guards the eggs laid in a silken sac till the time they hatch.

Spiderlings

The juveniles that hatch from the eggs in spring and summer mostly replicate the female’s color. Their legs appear paler than the body.

The Web  

Like other jumping spiders, they also do not build webs but make silken retreats resembling small tents to catch prey.

Is the Apache Jumping Spider Venomous

They have venom, which however, does not cause harm to humans.

Quick Facts

DistributionNorth America (southwestern states), parts of Cuba, and Mexico
HabitatMostly in arid and dry regions like deserts
PredatorsBirds, lizards, and frogs, as well bigger  spiders
DietSmaller insects
Lifespan10 – 12 months

Did You Know

  • They have a similar color pattern to the mutillid wasp, thus mimicking the latter.

Image Source: lh3.ggpht.com

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